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Posted by on May 3, 2014 in Greek | 1 comment

Amazing Greek God Poseidon: History & Ancient Mythology

Amazing Greek God Poseidon: History & Ancient Mythology

Poseidon, brother of Zeus, well referred to as ancient mythological Greek god of the sea & horses, is from an incredibly powerful family.Poseidon was powerful, decisive, competitive, and dignified.

One of the most iconic gods to be born out of Greek Mythology, the name Poseidon stands strong alongside the likes of Zeus, Apollo and Aphrodite as the renowned of the ancient deities.Poseidon was the fantastic Olympian god of the sea , rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses.He was god of the sea, more particularly of the Mediterranean, and, such as the element over which he presided, was of the variable disposition, now violently agitated, and today calm and placid, in which reason he or she is sometimes represented by the poets as quiet and composed, and at others as disturbed and angry.He was depicted being a mature man of sturdy build having a dark beard, and holding a trident.His weapon was a trident, which could shake the earth, and shatter any object. He was second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. Under the ocean, he experienced a marvelous golden palace. Poseidon was the husband of Amphitrite, among the Nereids, by whom he had a son, Triton. Poseidon had numerous other love affairs. At one point he desired Demeter. To put him off Demeter asked him to take advantage beautiful animal that the world had experienced. To impress her Poseidon come up with first horse. In some accounts his first attempts were unsuccessful and created a number of other animals in his quest. By the time the horse was developed his love for Demeter had cooled.

According to may myths he was natural powerful greek god. It was extremely important to stay on his “good side”, for he was moody and irascible, quick to take offense, and produced a hobby from taking his revenge on those who angered him.Punishing Odysseus for blinding his gigantic one-eyed son Cyclops (never mind that Cyclops and his gang had shipwrecked Odysseus and his awesome crew, looted the ship, and were planning to eat them all!), Poseidon spend eight years getting even with him, causing earthquakes, storms at sea, and throwing horrendous sea monsters in his path.Although the majority of the myths of Poseidon cast him inside a negative light, either raping women or exacting retribution from his foes, he was also a deity who made the land fertile by providing its life-giving moisture and ensured the safety from the sailors who tilled the ocean.

Amazing Greek God Poseidon History & Ancient MythologyIn the earliest ages of Greek mythology, he merely symbolized the watery element; however in later times, as navigation and intercourse with other nations engendered greater traffic by sea, Poseidon gained in importance, and came to be viewed as a distinct divinity, holding indisputable dominion over the sea, and over all sea-divinities, who acknowledged him as their sovereign ruler. He possessed the effectiveness of causing anytime, mighty and destructive tempests, in which the billows rise mountains high, the wind turns into a hurricane, land and sea being enveloped in thick mists, whilst destruction assails the unfortunate mariners subjected to their fury.

On the other hand, his alone was the effectiveness of stilling the angry waves, of soothing the troubled waters, and granting safe voyages to mariners. Because of this, Poseidon was always invoked and propitiated by a libation before a voyage was undertaken, and sacrifices and thanksgivings were gratefully provided to him following a safe and prosperous journey by sea.

He was involved with a myth of a birth of the Minotaur, where king Minos asked Poseidon to deliver him a sacred bull to prove his kingship. After the god have complied, Minos was reluctant to sacrifice the bull to him and replaced the sacred bull with ordinary one for the sacrifice. Poseidon was furious of the treachery and made Aphrodite to enchant her wife, to adore the sacred bull. Poseidon also fought a giant Polybotes in Gigantomachy, where the god was required to destroy the area to eliminate the giant. Also, he answered around the call of his son(variously) Bellerophon and flooded entire Xanthian Plain, once the hero was riding Pegasus towards the palace of Iobates, after realising that the king plotted to kill him.

Most popular myths featuring the god are:

  • The War from the Titanes where he fought beside Zeus and Hades to imprison the existing gods in Tartaros;
  • The division from the cosmos among the sons of Kronos where he received dominion on the sea;
  • The burying of Polybotes underneath the island of Kos within the giant war;
  • The sending of the sea-monster to punish the Trojans for refusing to pay for him for building their walls;
  • The seduction of females like Tyro, Amymone, Aithra as well as the Gorgon Medousa;
  • His contest with Athena for dominion of Athens where he produced the very first horse;
  • The persecution of Odysseus for your blinding of his son the Kyklops Polyphemos.

1 Comment

  1. here i want to describe about makaria, the greek goddess of death daughter of Haides-Persephone. Makaria, the personification of the blessedness in death which the Greeks would wish one another, was the daughter of Haides [Hades] and Persephone. She occurs in Euripides and Pausanias as the daughter of Herakles and Deianeira, however. The female Heraclid might have been believed to have become the death-goddess Makaria after her own death.

    In a fragment surviving from a lost play by Aiskhylos, the Corinthian king Sisyphos describes his departure from the Underworld by saying “Now to bid farewell to Zagreus and to his sire the Hospitaller.” Aaron Atsma says that Haides, the “hospital[l]er of the dead” is the husband of Persephone, and so the “father” of the chthonic Zagreus. His putative father, however, was Zeus. I suspect that this might go slightly beyond that to the identification of Haides with Zeus, since we know that the king of the Underworld was sometimes called Zeus Khthonios, the “Infernal Zeus.” Thus this may just be another way of saying that Zagreus was Zeus’ son.

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