Historical Map of Athens Ancient Greece
Explore the historical facts by map about ancient Athens Greece civilization, ancient sites & cities, geography, culture, art and war.
The recorded history of Greece began in the Bronze Age, with the rise of many powerful regional cultures. Typical of ancient civilizations, they too eventually crumbled, and in Greece, they were followed by the growth of Athens and Sparta (consequential city-states), as well as the development of Greater Greece. The Mediterranean country of ancient Greece (aka Hellas) was composed of many individual city-states (poleis) that were not unified until the Macedonian kings Philip and Alexander the Great incorporated them into their (Hellenistic) empire. Hellas was centered on the western side of the Aegean Sea with a northern section that was part of the Balkan peninsula and a southern section known as the Peloponnese that is separated from the northern landmass by the Isthmus of Corinth. The northern section is best known for the polis of Athens; the Peloponnese, for Sparta. There were also thousands of Greek islands in the Aegean sea, and colonies on the eastern side of the Aegean. To the west, the Greeks established colonies in and near Italy. Even the Egyptian city of Alexandria was part of the Hellenistic Empire.
History Ancient Greece – Athens
Athens is surrounded by mountains: Aigaleo to the west, Parnes to the north, Pentelikon to the northeast, and Hymettus to the east. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. The capital of Greece took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. In Athens memory never fades. Wherever you stand, wherever you turn, the city’s long and rich history will be alive in front of you. This is where that marvel of architecture, the Parthenon, was created. This is where art became inseparable from life, and this is where Pericles gave the funerary speech, that monument of the spoken word. In the centre of town are two hills, the Acropolis with the monuments from the Age of Pericles, and Lycabettus with the picturesque chapel of Ai Giorgis.
Ancient ruins provide a vivid testimony to the glory of Athens, hailed by many people as the cradle of western civilization.Most are of limestone or marble, from which the ancient buildings of the city were constructed. The plain on which the city lies contains isolated limestone hills, including Lykavittos (Lycabettus), which rises 339 m (1,112 ft) above the sea, and the flat-topped Acropolis, 156 m (512 ft) high, around which the city grew. The city during the last 25 years has been extend to almost all directions. The city its self is on the Ilissus River, which is dry for much of the year and carries abundant water only after winter storms. Here you can find a detailed Athens map and a Map of Greece
Map of Athens Ancient Greece
Athens ,detailed map of Athens Greece ,in the map of Athens centre you can locate the Acropolis of Athens the Lykabetus hill, the historical areas of Keramikos ,the hills of Pnika ,Phillopapos and Areios Pagos where St Paul spoke to the Athenians ,as well as the area of Plaka and the national gardens of Athens.On the bottom right side you can locate the Panathinaikon stadium opposite the national garden in Arditos hill ,the Athens map includes the main roads and streets of central Athens. A good companion is the Athens. Athens became the capital of Greece in December of 1834 replacing the old Capital in Nafplio. In the middle of the 19th century its population was about 65,000 people. In order to build the city the first King of Greece Otto of Bayer and his Architects made a plan for a city with a capacity of 100,000 population. this was the main reason of the bad urban planning that Athens faces today. Though there have been many developments in the infrastructure of Athens still the concrete covers the biggest part of Athens with the exceptions of some parks and hills of Athens. Many municipalities though have taken some measures in creating green pockets by planting trees in squares and streets. Historical maps of ancient Greece take Greece from prehistoric times through the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Many are from the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection Historical Maps: Historical Atlas, by William R. Shepherd. Others are from The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler (1907). The maps display the ancient Greek cities, places of interest, and centers of influence within and without the borders of the modern country.